Esforços de Inovação de Pequenos Negócios na América Latina

Christian Daniel Falaster, Priscila Rezende da Costa

Resumo


Objetivo do estudo: Neste artigo, analisamos os efeitos das dinâmicas institucionais nos esforços de inovação de pequenos negócios na América Latina. Metodologia/abordagem: Metodologicamente, utilizamos uma base de dados do Banco Mundial com 11.446 pequenos negócios latino-americanos que responderam questões relativas aos seus esforços de inovação nos últimos três anos: inovação de produto, inovação de processo e investimentos em pesquisa e desenvolvimento. Para avaliar o efeito das dinâmicas institucionais (reformas e reversões) foram captados dados do Índice de Liberdade Econômica. Principais resultados: Com base nos resultados, concluímos que nos pequenos negócios de países latino-americanos os esforços de inovação podem estar mais ligados à preparação para enfrentar um ambiente institucionalmente ineficiente do que para aproveitar os ambientes que tiveram uma melhora institucional. Contribuições teóricas/metodológicas:  Esses movimentos dos pequenos negócios podem estar mais ligados à busca por sobrevivência em um ambiente incerto, contrariando os efeitos esperados de que haveriam mais esforços de inovação quando o ambiente fosse propício para ela. Relevância/originalidade: O estudo é valioso por possibilitar a análise de quais tipos de dinâmicas institucionais podem levar a quais tipos de resposta em esforços de inovação dos pequenos negócios. Contribuições sociais / para a gestão: O estudo ainda contribui por demonstrar se a formulação de reformas institucionais pode impactar os pequenos negócios no contexto latino-americano, sendo importante assim para o desenvolvimento de políticas públicas.


Palavras-chave


Esforços de inovação; Dinâmicas institucionais; Reformas institucionais; Reversões institucionais

Referências


Abed, M. G. T., & Gupta, M. S. (2002). Governance, corruption, and economic performance. International Monetary Fund.

Acemoglu, D., & Robinson, J. A. (2008). Persistence of power, elites, and institutions. American Economic Review, 98(1), 267-93.

Alence, R. (2004). Political institutions and developmental governance in sub-Saharan Africa. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 42(2), 163-187.

Alonso, J. A., & Garcimartín, C. (2013). The determinants of institutional quality. More on the debate. Journal of International Development, 25(2), 206-226.

Arundel, A., Bordoy, C., & Kanerva, M. (2007). Neglected innovators: How do innovative firms that do not perform R&D innovate. Results of an analysis of the Innobarometer, 9.

Ayyagari, M., Demirgüç-Kunt, A., & Maksimovic, V. (2011). Firm innovation in emerging markets: the role of finance, governance, and competition. Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, 46(6), 1545-1580.

Banalieva, E. R., Cuervo-Cazurra, A., & Sarathy, R. (2018). Dynamics of pro-market institutions and firm performance. Journal of International Business Studies, 49(7), 858-880.

Barasa, L., Knoben, J., Vermeulen, P., Kimuyu, P., & Kinyanjui, B. (2017). Institutions, resources and innovation in East Africa: A firm level approach. Research Policy, 46(1), 280-291.

Barney, J., & Arikan, A.M. (2001). The resource-based view: origins and implications. In: Hitt, M.A., Freeman, R.E., Harrison, J.S. (Eds.), Handbook of Strategic Management. Blackwell Publishers, Oxford, pp. 124–188.

Bhattacharya, U., Hsu, P. H., Tian, X., & Xu, Y. (2017). What affects innovation more: Policy or policy uncertainty?. Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, 52(5), 1869-1901.

Bradley, S. W., McMullen, J. S., Artz, K., & Simiyu, E. M. (2012). Capital is not enough: Innovation in developing economies. Journal of Management Studies, 49(4), 684-717.

Bräutigam, D. A., & Knack, S. (2004). Foreign aid, institutions, and governance in sub-Saharan Africa. Economic development and cultural change, 52(2), 255-285.

Crespi, G., & Zuniga, P. (2012). Innovation and productivity: evidence from six Latin American countries. World development, 40(2), 273-290.

Cuervo-Cazurra, A., & Dau, L. A. (2009). Structural reform and firm exports. Management International Review, 49(4), 479-507.

Dau, L. A. (2012). Pro‐market reforms and developing country multinational corporations. Global Strategy Journal, 2(3), 262-276.

Dau, L. A. (2013). Learning across geographic space: Pro-market reforms, multinationalization strategy, and profitability. Journal of International Business Studies, 44(3), 235-262.

Dau, L. A., & Cuervo-Cazurra, A. (2014). To formalize or not to formalize: Entrepreneurship and pro-market institutions. Journal of Business Venturing, 29(5), 668-686.

Freel, M. S. (2005). Patterns of innovation and skills in small firms. Technovation, 25(2), 123-134.

Glaeser, E. L., La Porta, R., Lopez-de-Silanes, F., & Shleifer, A. (2004). Do institutions cause growth?. Journal of economic Growth, 9(3), 271-303.

Goedhuys, M., & Srholec, M. (2015). Technological capabilities, institutions and firm productivity: A multilevel study. The European Journal of Development Research, 27(1), 122-139.

Goedhuys, M. (2007). Learning, product innovation, and firm heterogeneity in developing countries; Evidence from Tanzania. Industrial and Corporate Change, 16(2), 269-292.

Goedhuys, M., Janz, N., & Mohnen, P. (2013). Knowledge-based productivity in “low-tech” industries: evidence from firms in developing countries. Industrial and Corporate Change, 23(1), 1-23.

Goedhuys, M., & Sleuwaegen, L. (2010). High-growth entrepreneurial firms in Africa: a quantile regression approach. Small Business Economics, 34(1), 31-51.

Goedhuys, M., & Veugelers, R. (2012). Innovation strategies, process and product innovations and growth: Firm-level evidence from Brazil. Structural change and economic dynamics, 23(4), 516-529.

Greif, A. (2006). Family structure, institutions, and growth: the origins and implications of western corporations. American economic review, 96(2), 308-312.

Henisz, W. J. (2000). The institutional environment for economic growth. Economics & Politics, 12(1), 1-31.

Ireland, R. D., Hitt, M. A., & Sirmon, D. G. (2003). A model of strategic entrepreneurship: The construct and its dimensions. Journal of management, 29(6), 963-989.

Kafouros, M., Wang, C., Piperopoulos, P., & Zhang, M. (2015). Academic collaborations and firm innovation performance in China: The role of region-specific institutions. Research Policy, 44(3), 803-817.

Kamau, P., & Munandi, I. (2009). Innovation in the Kenyan Clothing Sector and Its Impact on Employment and Poverty Reduction. Institute for Development Studies, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.

Kannebley Jr, S., Porto, G. S., & Pazello, E. T. (2005). Characteristics of Brazilian innovative firms: An empirical analysis based on PINTEC—industrial research on technological innovation. Research Policy, 34(6), 872-893.

Kaufmann, D., Kraay, A., & Mastruzzi, M. (2011). The worldwide governance indicators: methodology and analytical issues. Hague Journal on the Rule of Law, 3(2), 220-246.

Lee, K., & Kang, S. M. (2007). Innovation types and productivity growth: Evidence from Korean manufacturing firms. Global Economic Review, 36(4), 343-359.

Mahoney, J. T. (1995). The management of resources and the resource of management. Journal of business research, 33(2), 91-101.

Nelson, R. R., & Nelson, K. (2002). Technology, institutions, and innovation systems. Research policy, 31(2), 265-272.

North, D. C. (1990). Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance. Cambridge.

North, D. C. (1991). Institutions. Journal of economic perspectives, 5(1), 97-112.

OECD. (2005). Oslo manual: Guidelines for collecting and interpreting innovation data (3o ed). Paris: OCDE.

Olson, M., Sarna, N., & Swamy, A. V. (2000). Governance and growth: A simple hypothesis explaining cross-country differences in productivity growth. Public Choice, 102(3-4), 341-364.

Papazoglou, M. E., & Spanos, Y. E. (2018). Bridging distant technological domains: A longitudinal study of the determinants of breadth of innovation diffusion. Research Policy, 47(9), 1713-1728.

Rosenberg, N. (2010). Why do firms do basic research (with their own money)?. In Studies On Science And The Innovation Process: Selected Works of Nathan Rosenberg, pp. 225-234.

Sirmon, D. G., Hitt, M. A., & Ireland, R. D. (2007). Managing firm resources in dynamic environments to create value: Looking inside the black box. Academy of management review, 32(1), 273-292.

Solleiro, J. L., & Castañón, R. (2005). Competitiveness and innovation systems: the challenges for Mexico's insertion in the global context. Technovation, 25(9), 1059-1070.

Szogs, A. (2008). The role of mediator organisations in the making of innovation systems in least developed countries: evidence from Tanzania. International Journal of Technology and Globalisation, 4(3), 223.

Tolstoy, D. (2009). Knowledge combination and knowledge creation in a foreign‐market network. Journal of Small Business Management, 47(2), 202-220.

Trevino, L. J., Thomas, D. E., & Cullen, J. (2008). The three pillars of institutional theory and FDI in Latin America: An institutionalization process. International Business Review, 17(1), 118-133.

Wang, C. C., & Lin, G. C. (2012). Dynamics of innovation in a globalizing china: regional environment, inter-firm relations and firm attributes. Journal of Economic Geography, 13(3), 397-418.

Wang, J. (2018). Innovation and government intervention: A comparison of Singapore and Hong Kong. Research Policy, 47(2), 399-412.

Williamson, O. E. (2000). The new institutional economics: taking stock, looking ahead. Journal of economic literature, 38(3), 595-613.

World Bank. (2017). Enterprise Surveys. Retrieved from http://www.enterprisesurveys.org/data

Wu, J., & Park, S. H. (2017). The role of international institutional complexity on emerging market multinational companies’ innovation. Global Strategy Journal.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14211/regepe.v10i1.1957

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.




Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição - Não comercial - Sem derivações 4.0 Internacional.

Desenvolvido por:

Logomarca da Lepidus Tecnologia

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença 
Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial-CompartilhaIgual 4.0 Internacional

Rev. Empreendedorismo Gest. Pequenas Empres., São Paulo, SP, Brasil. e-ISSN: 2316-2058    

Prefixo do DOI: 10.14211  Classificação Qualis 2016: B1