‘What to do when the grills open?’ Entrepreneurial motivations and individual beliefs of former convicts

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14211/regepe.e1938

Keywords:

Entrepreneurial Motivation, Salient Beliefs, Penitentiary.

Abstract

Study Objective: To investigate the entrepreneurial motivations and individual beliefs of former convicts from prison in Ceará regarding opening their own business, according to the theory of planned behavior (TPB). Methodology/Approach: A qualitative research was carried out with eleven former convicts from the Ceará prison system. The data collected through semi-structured interviews were analyzed by Atlas-ti software, using the content analysis pattern matching technique. Results: The former convicts expressed their intention to open their own business based on three motivations: by necessity, by opportunity, and by personal achievement. The interviewees' entrepreneurial intention was influenced by three types of salient belief: behavioral, normative, and perceived control. Theoretical/Methodological contributions: This research promotes and expands the discussion on entrepreneurship after a period of deprivation of liberty, using the TPB to identify the beliefs that precede the entrepreneurial intention. Relevance/Originality: Findings oppose the dichotomous classification of entrepreneurial motivation described by the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor. The study endorses the important influence of social referents in the construction of normative beliefs, which were perceived as facilitators of behavioral intention, being confused with beliefs of perceived control. Social contributions: Recognizing the low employability of former convicts as a management problem can be the beginning of a debate on strategies that seek to minimize the negative impacts of their low employability. This study is an invitation to discuss joint efforts between public authorities, the population, and academia, to mitigate prejudices that imprison former offenders and society.

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Author Biographies

Larissa Cavalcante Albuquerque, Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC), Fortaleza, CE

Mestre em Administração e Controladoria pela Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC). Tem interesse em pesquisas na área de Administração e Educação, com ênfase nos temas: empreendedorismo, marketing e educação empreendedora.

Evangelina da Silva Sousa, Universidade Federal do Piauí (UFC), Teresina, PI

Doutora em  Administração e Controladoria pela Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC), Mestre em Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente pela Universidade Federal do Piauí (UFPI) e Administradora da Universidade Federal do Piauí (UFPI).

Raimundo Eduardo Silveira Fontenele, Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC), Fortaleza, CE

: Doutor em Ciências Econômicas pela Université Paris 13 – Paris Nord. Atualmente, é Professor Titular do Curso de Ciências Econômicas da Universidade Federal do Ceará - UFC e do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Administração e Controladoria - PPAC da UFC. Tem experiência na área de Economia e Administração, com ênfase em Avaliação Econômica de Projetos, Desenvolvimento Sustentável e Economia de Recursos Naturais, Empreendedorismo e Planejamento e Política Públicas.

Tereza Cristina Batista de Lima, Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC), Fortaleza, CE

Doutora em Educação pela Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC).  Atualmente é Professora Associada I da Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC)  e do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Administração e Controladoria (PPAC/UFC). Desenvolve pesquisas nas áreas de Gestão de Pessoas e Comportamento Organizacional, com ênfase nas questões de Comportamento empreendedor, Gênero e Diversidade.

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Published

2021-05-03

How to Cite

Albuquerque, L. C., Sousa, E. da S., Fontenele, R. E. S., & Lima, T. C. B. de. (2021). ‘What to do when the grills open?’ Entrepreneurial motivations and individual beliefs of former convicts. Iberoamerican Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Copyedited, proofread, in layout editing. https://doi.org/10.14211/regepe.e1938

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