Socioeconomic determinants of the individual micro-entrepreneur (IME)

Authors

  • Mateus Cerqueira Anício Morais Department of Administration, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, UFJF, Governador Valadares, MG, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4265-3299
  • Magnus Luiz Emmendoerfer Departament of Administration and Accounting, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, UFV, Viçosa/MG, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4264-8644
  • José Ricardo Vitória Minas Gerais Federal Institute, IFMG, Ouro Preto, MG, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0184-3072
  • Wesley de Almeida Mendes Public Administration, Government and Society Studies Center (N+APGS), Universidade Federal de Viçosa, UFV, Viçosa, MG, Brazil https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6443-2572

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14211/ibjesb.e2070

Keywords:

Individual Micro-Entrepreneur (IME), Socioeconomic conditions, Public policy, Informality

Abstract

Objective: identifying the possible relationships between socioeconomic variables and the manifestation of the Individual Micro-Entrepreneur (IME). Methodology/approach: from the survey of characteristics of the IME, in databases in the Brazilian scope, under a quantitative approach, multiple regression analysis was applied, including social and economic variables of municipalities in Minas Gerais. Main results: there are significant effects of the variables education, income, and basic sanitation on the proportion of IME at the municipal level. Their values show that better socioeconomic conditions are inversely related to the IME. Theoretical/methodological contributions: this study contributes to the discussion on entrepreneurship policies and the types of businesses to be promoted by governments. It identifies its explanatory variables in developing countries. Relevance/originality: this study (a) strengthens the scientific construction based on the results of the institution of the legal framework of the IME in Brazil; and (b) it delves into issues related to the effect of socioeconomic variables on IME, covering entrepreneurship “for survival” and as a “lifestyle” – themes that are still little explored by the academic literature, especially when it involves developing countries. Social/management contributions: in practical terms, to present the social and economic realities of entrepreneurs benefiting from the IME legal apparatus provides grounds for reflecting and analyzing the expected effects of this public policy.

JEL Code: L22, L26, L29, L38, O10, O20

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Author Biographies

Mateus Cerqueira Anício Morais, Department of Administration, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, UFJF, Governador Valadares, MG, Brazil

is a substitute professor of Business Administration at the Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Governador Valadares/MG campus. Doctor in Public Administration from the Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV). Member of the Research Group on Management and Development of Creative Territories (GDTeC). His areas of interest are Public Policy, Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Graduate Studies and Research, Knowledge Economics, and Systems Dynamics.

Magnus Luiz Emmendoerfer, Departament of Administration and Accounting, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, UFV, Viçosa/MG, Brazil

is an Associate Professor in the Graduate Program in Public Administration, Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV), and the Graduate Program in Tourism and Heritage, Federal University of Ouro Preto (UFOP). He has a Doctorate in Human Sciences: Sociology and Politics from UFMG. General Coordinator of UNESCO Chair in Creative Economy and Public Policies. His main areas of interest include Public Policy Governance, Qualitative Methods, Tourism, Entrepreneurship and Innovation in the Public Sector.

José Ricardo Vitória, Minas Gerais Federal Institute, IFMG, Ouro Preto, MG, Brazil

is a substitute professor of Administration at the Minas Gerais Federal Institute, IFMG, Ouro Preto/MG campus. He holds a Ph.D. in Public Administration from the Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV). Member of the Research Group on Management and Development of Creative Territories (GDTeC). His areas of interest include Public Policy, Culture, Creative Economy, Innovation, Tourism, Events and Leisure.

Wesley de Almeida Mendes, Public Administration, Government and Society Studies Center (N+APGS), Universidade Federal de Viçosa, UFV, Viçosa, MG, Brazil

is a researcher at the Center for Public Administration, Government and Society Studies (N+APGS) at the Universidade Federal de Viçosa (UFV). He holds a Doctorate in Public Administration from UFV. His areas of interest include Public Administration, Quality of Public Management, and Human Development. His articles have been published in journals such as the Latin American Research Review and the International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business.

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Published

2022-10-10

How to Cite

Morais, M. C. A., Emmendoerfer, M. L., Vitória, J. R., & Mendes, W. de A. (2022). Socioeconomic determinants of the individual micro-entrepreneur (IME). Iberoamerican Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 11(3), e2070. https://doi.org/10.14211/ibjesb.e2070

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